Unattractive and embarrassing white flakes on your hair, collar and shoulders make you look unkempt, even if you are dressed neatly and fashionably.
This dandruff is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis. According to WHO, it periodically affects up to 70% of people. The appearance of dandruff provoke many factors – from metabolic disorders to hereditary predisposition. Special products help to remove it, for example: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/fungoral.
What is dandruff
The medical name – “pityriasis”, from Latin it is translated as “bran”. This is a pathology caused by sloughing of dead cells of the epithelium – the outer layer of the dermis of the scalp. As a result, the dead skin particles are intensively peeling off over a long period of time. The symptom is caused by a failure in the process of renewal and exfoliation of the cells of the horny layer of the skin.
Dandruff is not an independent disease, its appearance is caused by various pathologies. The condition is often accompanied by severe itching of the scalp. The hair itself becomes either dull and dry or oily, depending on the type of dandruff.
Causes of dandruff
Renewal of the epithelium normally occurs every 28 days. If during renewal keratinocytes (the main cells of the upper layer of the skin) began to grow faster, it contributes to the appearance of dandruff. The culprit is the fungus Malassezia Furfur, which is considered an acceptable microflora of the epidermis and does not show itself in healthy conditions.
The fungal culture becomes active when favorable situations for it appear:
Hormonal surges: puberty, pregnancy, menopause;
improper hair care: aggressive coloring, unsuitable shampoo, perm, frequent use of irons and hot dryers;
neglecting the headwear in the cold season and excessive warming (wearing a hat indoors);
diseases: pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, bronchopulmonary system, disorders of the sebaceous glands;
Stresses, reduced immunity and violation of the principles of proper nutrition.
When the fungus “wakes up”, the development cycle of the cells of the epidermis changes. They die before they have time to pass it. Thus scales are formed. By the way, dandruff does not necessarily appear on the entire head, sometimes the fungus is activated only on one part of it.